Section 1031 of the Internal Revenue Code is one of the last great tax shelters available to investors today. When investment real estate is sold, the seller is responsible for paying capital gains taxes. In some cases, capital gains can be as high as 25 percent. By performing a 1031 exchange, investors can defer payment of these taxes.
As the name suggests, a 1031 exchange is the process of the property for sale being exchanged for a new piece of investment property. As long as this transaction is a “trade up” in value and debt, taxes are completely deferred.
By deferring taxes using a 1031 exchange, the wise investor is able to:
Increase cash flow;
Purchase property in a more favorable area; or
Diversify or consolidate property.